Lost & Found
Now that the Nation of Israel has divided into two houses as God said. The new king of Israel; Jeroboam of the tribe of Ephraim and Rehoboam of the House of David for the Nation of Judah.
1 Kings 12:25 – 33;
Jeroboam built his house on Mount Ephraim.
What did Jeroboam conceive for the congregation of Israel as a place of worship? He was worried that the people would go up to the house the Lord in Jerusalem to worship and sacrifice and favor Rehoboam and return to the house of David. That their loyalties may sway them to the south and slay Jeroboam of the north.
The Apostasy of the North
What a way to start a new kingdom, out of jealousy and Idolatry.
Jeroboam took council and had two gold calf’s made, and his pitch to the people was, it is too much of a journey to travel to Jerusalem to worship, I have made it easier for you. One calf was placed in the southern part at Bethel near the border of Judah and the other in city of Dan in northern part of Israel. He made two high places of worship. These two strategic locations would make the journey much more convenient for the people. Right?
This seems ironic that the Israelites started out with a golden calf in the beginning, in spite of what the Lord has just done for them prior, Moses was out of their site, out of their mind, they thought the Lord abandoned them, so they move on to what’s familiar to them, idolatry.
Now at this point of time, they got two for the price of the one. They added two more golden calfs to their rebellion against the Lord. Jeroboam also made priests of the lowly, setting the eight month and the 5th day as a feast to mimic the feast in Jerusalem but on different days. If the people bought into this, I can see how the Lord orchestrated this separation. The peoples hearts waxed cold with Him and went after strange gods.
It was at this point, the Lord sends a Judean prophet on Jeroboam’s appointed day of the feast’s and sacrifice.
The passage goes on to say, Jeroboam places his hand on the alter and demands that they seize the prophet, and Jeroboams hand on the alter withers and the alter spills over as a sign. The Lord restores his hand. And this came to pass.
The initial word of the Lord to Jeroboam came full circle.
In the following chapter, the same prophet Ahijah that rent Jeroboam’s cloak in twelve pieces and gave him ten, Jeroboam sends his wife to Ahijah, disguised as someone else to request what of their sick son. The Lord forewarns the prophet of this encounter. Ahijah eyes were dim but he hears the woman’s feet, and begins to relay the Lord’s message to her, by reminding her husband the Lord’s promise made to him by renting the kingdom from the house of David and gave it to him as a prince, but he didn’t liken himself to King David and didn’t do what was right in the sight of the Lord and did what is evil. The Lord will start dismantling his house till there is nothing left. The fulfillment is found in chapter 1 Kings 15:29
From this point on the two books of Kings records both the Kings of Israel and the Kings of Judah.
More Jeroboams Arise
I can feel the Lord’s frustration with both Houses. I see him with a daisy in his hand plucking the petals; she loves me, she loves me not, she loves me, she loves me not?
It seems that walking after David or not was to be the pattern set forth by the Kings of Israel and Judah. Another Jeroboam arises, no relation to the original. The future King Josiah of Judah, prophecy came into play when he had the Ark of the Covenant placed back into the house of the Lord, a copy of the law search out to be read and followed. King Josiah puts his house and the Lords House back in order. The Chronology of the Kings after that was up and down all the way to King Hezekiah of Judah and eventually to Zedekiah, The Nation of Israel was eventually lost to the Lord, however the Lords protection was offered to Israel up until the final King Hoshea of the House of Israel.
By the time of King Hezekiah of Judah, the Nation of Israel was lost to the Assyrians. The king of Judah sought council from the prophet Isaiah and the Lord spared Judah from the onslaught of Assyrians and the Lord’s intervention slayed over a hundred thousand Assyrian soldiers outside of Jerusalem over night.
Hezekiah’s son Mannasah did what was evil in the Lord’s sight however he repented in a Babylonia prison, put his house and the House of the Lord back in order and became a loved king towards the later part of his reign. Following him the line of King of David was eventually broken at the time of King Zedikiah with the eventual slaying of his sons as the last thing the king would see, the King died in Babylon without any descendants, or did he? He had two Daughters. We will find out more on this later. There is of a couple of directions the Lord could have gone with this to spare his promise to King David.
The Prophets sent to warn and direct the Northern and Southern Nations
It was at this time that the Lord had to send individual prophets for the North and the South.
When we reference the books of the major and minor prophets and prophets that were written about, we have to understand there were some commissioned by the Lord to the Northern Nation of Israel and there were some commissioned to the Southern Nation of Judah. Some prophets were given words for both nations, and some to heathen nations.
Northern Nation Israel Prophets:
The Books; Hosea, Amos, Micah (prophet for both Israel and Judah).
Written of in other books such as 1&2 Kings, Chronicles;
Elijah, Elisha, Ahijah and the others previously mentioned.
Southern Nation Judah:
The Books; Isaiah, Micah (North & South), Jeremiah, Joel, Habakkuk, and Zephaniah.
Written of in other books; Jonah (prophet to Assyrian city of Nineveh), Nahum (Concerning Nineveh), Obediah (Concerning Edom). During the divided kingdoms.
During the Exile; Jeremiah (in Jerusalem during exile), Daniel (1 & 2 batch exilic group in Babylon), Ezekiel (2 & 3 batch exilic group in Babylon). The exilic groups was the three “going up to Jerusalem” events as promised by the Lord after the seventy year exile in Babylon. Daniel and Ezekiel overlapped. Their writings were done while in exile in Babylon. Daniel laid down with his fathers and was buried in Babylon, Ezekiel continued the work.
Post Exile; Haggai (during rebuilding of Temple), Zechariah (contemporary to Haggai during rebuilding of Temple), Malachi (Towards the end of OT’s post-exilic period).
Now that we have a clearer picture of who’s who in the Old Testament prophets and the role they played in warning the Houses set up to govern the two nations, when we break the bread of prophetic scriptures concerning apostasy, opportunity of repentance, curses or blessings, and a future of hope and restoration.
The Northern Nation Taken, The Assyrians.
We will start this by knowing why. I filled in some of the reasons earlier, however in the second book of Kings lists the sins of the Northern Nations.
Many of us has heard the events of the prophets Elijah and Elisha and their encounters with King Ahab and Jezebel in serving the Ba’als and setting up the false prophets and slaying of the prophets of the One True God, Jezebel’s land swindle, the One God consuming the sacrifice and the false prophets of Ba’al along with it. Ba’al is another name for a master of another kind.
The following passage sums up the sins of the Northern Nation and even the Southern. However the sins of the Northern Nation of Israel is at play at this time:
Out with the old, and in with the new
In the following passages record’s the events of the exile of Israel and their enemy’s occupation plan. Out with the old, in with the new.
Promise made, Promise kept
In Nehemiah chapter one give us the pattern; forgiveness, repentance, judgement and restoration. Part of this passage references Leviticus 26, which in turn referenced the first law of the Ten Commandments, no other God but the One True God, among other commandments and statutes.
Even though this passage was directed towards Judah, the conditions applies to both houses. God did gave the Judaeans the opportunity for repentance during their exile however He was done with the house of Israel and they were not coming back, or was He done with with them? As many will find that God always has something up his sleeve that Satan can’t see.
The only promise keeper in the final history of the Nation of Israel was the God they abandoned. What He promised he executed in judgment and scattered the Nation of Israel to utter ruin, they will be scattered to nations that they will not know the language or culture, however they were off to a good start with their familiar gods.
These are the words God given to Moses to be shared with the Israelites. The conditions of their covenant is found in this same chapter.
God kept his end of the deal on many occasions, even when they didn’t, but ultimately God did live up to his promise of exile.
The Lord shall bring upon thee, and upon thy people, and upon thy father’s house, days that have not come, from the day that Ephraim departed from Judah, even the king of Assyria.
2 Kings 15:29
In the days of Pekah, king of Israel, came Tiglath-Pileser, king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abel-Beth-Maachah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali, and carried them captive to Assyria.
There were three asyrian rulers involed in deporting the northern tribe, the later ruler more so.
- By 734 BC, Tiglath-Pileser had conquered much of the countries between Mesopotamia and the Mediterranean Sea.
- In 724 BC, nearly ten years after the initial deportations, the capital city of the Northern Kingdom of Israel, Samaria, was finally taken by Sargon II. The Assyrians, fearing more revolts, began major population relocations during the reign of King Sargon II.
- In 722 BC, Samaria completely fell. The fall of Israel’s Capital City. Even though King Hoshea quickly surrendered rather than face the Assyrian onslaught, Shalmaneser continued forward until the fall of Israel’s Capital.
One of the dates are going to come into play when I go into which way did they go in our history.
God did drive out the Northern 10 Nations of Israel to never return, however His promises handed down to Ephraim and Manasseh from Jacob could not be repented of, there is a part in the firstborn blessing to Ephraim, I will make you many nations and a company of nations, I will bless those who bless you.
How is it that the part of the promise to Abraham that his descendants to take part in being as the sands of the sea and the stars of the heavens come into play? Knowing the Jewish people’s history and the onslaught of the Beasts of Daniel and Revelation didn’t add up to their promised numbers. Their count had to come from somewhere.
Their Banishment is God’s New Establishment
Promises and counter promises made
The fist part of the study I covered the conditional promises made, unconditional promises to be kept, and the promises and counter promises wether it becomes a blessing or a curse. This study, What is driven out and lost is not forgotten when its comes to the irrevocable promises that was made to Abraham, Isaac & Jacob.
The third part of this study will cover;
What was considered lost, finds its way home.